Mount Huaguo (simplified Chinese: 花果山), literally meaning Mount of Flowers and Fruit, is a major area featured within the famed ancient Chinese novel Journey to the West.
This mount, located in the country of Ao-lai (傲來) in the Eastern Continent of Superior Deity (simplified Chinese: 东胜神州) also known as "Pūrvavideha Continent" in Anthony C. Yu's translation, had been featured as the birthplace of Sun Wukong (or the Monkey King), the main character within the novel. This mountain specifically holds many demons and monkeys in its population. Within this rather large mountain, many various areas remain hidden; one of such being the Water Curtain Cave. After the brave Sun Wukong rushed through a large waterfall and made it to this cave, every individual in the mountain acknowledged Wukong as their king.
After Wukong becomes the mountain's king, this mountain became exceedingly civilized and well trained for various future conflicts such as war. Such a trait is easily seen when Wukong left this mountain for reasons such as protecting the Tang priest Sanzang. Due to the natural and civilized ways of this mountain set by Wukong, this mountain would effectively continue to thrive even after 500 years of conflict.
Huaguo Mountain is situated in Yuntai, Lianyungang City. Rising 625 meters above sea level in the Yuntai Mountains of Lianyungang, Huaguo Mountain has secluded, deep caves, flowers, and fruits. The novel of Journey to the West sets the mountain as its backdrop. There are many scenic spots that are closely related to the novel. Pagodas and temples were erected there during the Tang, Song, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
Lianyungang is close to the mountain and sea, falling within the transitory zone from warm temperate zone to subtropical zone, the weather is warm and humid, and the average temperature annually is 14℃, the four seasons are distinct, the temperature is mild, the sunshine is abundant, the rainfall is moderate. The best travel months are from April to October.